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Thladiantha palmatipartita

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Photos from: 
Nature Products Network
 The leaves are NOT from T. p. (Stephania ?).

Author:  An Ming Lu & C. Jeffrey, 1914
Origin:  Yunnan; China
Soil:  Mix
Water:  Medium
Sun:  Medium
Thickness:  1 Meter
Height:  6 Meters
Flower:  Yellow
Propagate:  Seeds/Cuttings
Names:  Mountain Buffalo
Synonyms:  Yes, a lot...

is a member of the Cucurbitaceae family, given this name by An Ming Lu and Charles Jeffrey in 1914. It is from the mountains around Yunnan in northern China. It grow in a well-drained soil with quiet some water and from bright shadow to full sun. The flowers are yellow, and it is a dioecious plant. The caudex are among the largest; more than one meter in diameter, and the vines more than six meters.

The genera name from Greek thladias; 'eunuch' and anthos; 'flower', referring to the suppressed stamens suggesting they had been neutered. The species name from Latin palmatti; 'hand-shaped', and Latin partita; 'parted' for the leaves.

*) If this is T. dubia, it will get red striped fruits, sized as a hen egg. First described by Bunge in 1833.

If it is T. calcarata, it was first described by Wall. in 1832 as Momordica calcarata. Then as T. calcarata by C.B.Clarke in 1876.

If it is T. cordifolia (Cogn. 1881), first described by Blume as Luffa cordifolia in 1826.

Then again, it could be T. sp., and still waiting for a description!

Bear in mind: It's a Cucurbitaceae and their names usually a mess!