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Gynostemma pentaphyllum

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Photo from

The male flower from

The female flower by Himesh Dilruwan Jayasinghe,

The roots from

The leaf from


Tomitar˘ Makino, 1902




Assam, Bangladesh, Borneo, China, East Himalaya, Hainan, Japan, Java, Korea, Kuril Island, Laos, Lesser Sunda Island, Malaya, Maluku, Myanmar, Nansei-shoto, Nepal, New Guinea, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi + Sumatera; Indonesia, Thailand, Vietnam, West Himalaya


Mix - Rich


Medium - Maximum


Medium - Maximum


3 Centimetres


8 Metres


Pale Green - Pale Yellow - White




Jiaogulan, Five-Leaf Ginseng, Teranke


Vitis pentaphylla, Thunb. 1784.
More below....

This dioecious member of the Cucurbitaceae family was given this name by Tomitar˘ Makino in 1902. It is found in Bangladesh, Bhutan, China, India, Indonesia, Japan, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, New Guinea, Korea, Sri Lanka, Thailand and Vietnam, growing in a drained but rich soil with quite some water and some to lots of sun. The caudex can grow to three centimetres in diameter, the entire plant to eight metres in height. The flowers are pale green over pale yellow to white..

The genera name means 'naked stem'.  The species name from its five-lobed leaf.

Commercial fields from

It does have a few synonyms and alike:
Alsomitra cissoides M.Roem. Alsomitra laxa (Wall.) M.Roem. Enkylia digyna Griff. Enkylia trigyna Griff. Gynostemma blumei Hassk. Gynostemma burmanicum King ex Chakrav. Gynostemma burmanicum var. molle C.Y.Wu. Gynostemma cissoides (Wall.) Benth. & Hook.f. ex Franch. & Sav. Gynostemma crenulatum Ridl. Gynostemma laxum (Wall.) Cogn. Gynostemma pedatum Blume. Gynostemma pentaphyllum var. dasycarpum C.Y.Wu. Gynostemma pentaphyllum f. dasycarpum (C.Y.Wu) Wilde & Duyfjes. Gynostemma pentaphyllum f. fasciculare Wilde & Duyfjes. Gynostemma pentaphyllum f. grandiflorum Wilde & Duyfjes. Gynostemma pentaphyllum f. knemandrum Wilde & Duyfjes. Gynostemma pentaphyllum f. simplicifolium (Blume) Wilde & Duyfjes. Gynostemma siamicum Craib. Gynostemma simplicifolium Blume. Gynostemma trigynum M.A.Lawson
Gynostemma wightianum (Arn.) Benth. & Hook.f. ex B.D.Jacks. Gynostemma winkleri Cogn. Pestalozzia laxa Thwaites. Pestalozzia pedata (Blume) Zoll. & Moritzi
Zanonia cissoides Wall. Zanonia laxa Wall. Zanonia pedata (Blume) Miq. Zanonia wightiana Arn. Vitis atroviridis Wall. Vitis martini H.LÚv. & Vaniot. Vitis pentaphylla Thunb. Vitis quelpaertensis H.LÚv. Vitis trichophora Wall.  to name some...