Nicolaas Joseph von Jacquin,
Island, Angola, Bangladesh, Belize, Brazil Northeast,
Caprivi Strip, Christmas Island, Colombia, Costa Rica, El
Salvador, Eritrea, Fiji, Guatemala, Guinea, Honduras, India,
Java, Kenya, Lesser Sunda Island, Madagascar, Malawi,
Malaya, Maldives, Mali, Mauritania, Mexico, Mozambique,
Myanmar, Namibia, New Caledonia, New Guinea, Nicaragua,
Northern Territory + Queensland + Western Australia, Panamá,
Philippines, Samoa, Senegal, Society Island, Solomon Island,
Sri Lanka, Sudan, Tanzania, Thailand, Tubuai Island,
Vanuatu, Venezuela, Vietnam, Zambia, Zimbabwe
Peat - Mix
Whirly Whirly Tree Burl, Stinkwood, Helicopter Tree, Shitwood,
Gyrocarpus americanus subsp. africanus,
Gyrocarpus americanus subsp. capuronianus,
Gyrocarpus americanus subsp. glaber, Kubitzki.
Gyrocarpus americanus subsp. pachyphyllus,
Gyrocarpus americanus subsp. pinnatilobus,
Gyrocarpus americanus subsp. sphenopterus,
Gyrocarpus americanus subsp. tomentosus, Kubitzki.
This member of the
Hernandiaceae family was described by Nicolaas Joseph von Jacquin in 1763. It is found all around the
Pacific region (South America, Papau New Guinea, Australia Asia and more). It grows in a well drained
peat with some water and lots of
sun. It can be reproduced by seeds and probably by cuttings. The
flowers are small and whitish to yellowish-green, and male and
bisexual flowers grow in the same flower-head. The fruits are
olive-shaped, large, tough, woody, dry, and blackish. The seeds are
The genera name means 'round
fruit'. The species name means 'American'.
In Malaysia, there are
three subspecies: Gyrocarpus americanus caperonianus, with
lobed and smooth leaves, from Southern Madagascar; Gyrocarpus
americanus glaber, with entire, not lobed, smooth leaves, from
Western and South-Western Madagascar; and Gyrocarpus americanus
tomentosus, with dense hairs on both sides of the leaves, from
Northern Madagascar (Schatz, 2001).
Often seen with synonym:
Also seen as a member
of the Combretaceae family.
The sap can cause blindness.
Often confused with
Besides from the non-flat leaves with shorter drip-tips, the Gyrocarpus have a