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Ginkgo biloba

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It can get fat. Photo of a 40 years old bonsai from: Johann Kastner. 

The seedlings has a slightly swollen stem and root.

The lovely variation: "Troll". Here from Esveld in Boskoop, The Netherlands.

The Japanese might call them "silver apricot", but I find them to have a strong sent of vomit.

Author:  Carl Linnaeus Jr. 1771
Origin:  South-Eastern China
Soil:  Anything
Water:  Medium
Sun:  Medium
Thickness:  4 Meter
Height:  50 Meters
Flower:  White
Propagate:  Seeds
Names:  Maidenhair Tree
Synonyms:  Salisburia biloba Hoffmanns, 1824.
Ginkgo biloba f. microsperma, Sugim.
Ginkgo biloba f. parvifolia,
Ginkgo macrophylla,
Pterophyllus salisburiensis aurea
Salisburia adiantifolia,
Salisburia biloba,
Salisburia ginkgo,
Salisburia macrophylla,
This only member of the Ginkgoaceae family might not be a caudiciform, BUT: I just must have this ancient plant. After all, it is the most caudiciform member of the entire Ginkgophyta division, and after only 2.500 years, it does look kind of fat!

It was described by Carl Linnaeus the younger in 1771, only found in south-eastern China, growing in all from sand to rich peat. Some water and some to much sun, and it will grow to four meters in diameter and 40 meters height. There are male and female plants, and after 20 years, it might give fruits. 

Much more info on: THE GINKGO PAGES

Also seen as a member of the Coniferae family.

Ginkgo is derived from the Japanese word ginkyo, meaning 'silver apricot', referring to the fruit, which is eaten in Japan. The species name translates as 'two-lobed', referring to the split-in-the-middle character of its fan-shaped leaf blades.

The female flowers by

And the male flowers.

Large trees can be found around the world. This one is from Copenhagen Botanical Garden.