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Bryonia dioica

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Photo from Peter Jarrett, Middlesex University.

The female flower by Bernard Gacongne.

The male flower by Bernard Gacongne.

The seeds by Bernard Gacongne

Author:  Nicolaas Joseph von Jacquin, 1774
Origin:  Albania, Algeria, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, France, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Kazakhstan, Libya, Morocco, Netherlands, Portugal, Sicilia, Spain, Switzerland, Tadzhikistan, Tunisia, Uzbekistan, Yugoslavia
Soil:  Mix
Water:  Medium - Maximum
Sun:  Medium - Maximum
Thickness:  40 Centimetres
Height:  3 Metres
Flower:  Greenish-White - Pale Yellow
Propagate:  Seeds
Names:  English Mandrake, Wild Vine, Wild Hops, Wild Nep, Tamus, Ladies' Seal, Tetterbury, Navet du diable, 
Synonyms:  Bryonia cretica subsp. dioica Tutin.
Bryonia alba L. 1753 =
Bryonia aspera, Steven ex Ledeb. 1812.
Bryonia monoeca, E.H.L.Krause
Bryonia nigra, Gilib.
Bryonia vulgaris, Gueldenst. ex Ledeb.

This dioecious member of the Cucurbitaceae family was described by Nicolaas Joseph von Jacquin in 1774. It is found in England, south- and middle Europe, northern Africa and western Asia. It preferring a neutral or basic, well drained soil with some to lots of water and some to lots of sun.  The vines will grow to three meters and the flowers are white to pale yellow. The caudex reaches 40 centimetres in diameter.

The genre name; Bryonia  from bryein, meaning luxuriant growth. The species name dioica is derived from Greek, meaning 'of two houses': Having separate staminate and pistillate plants; dioecious - and it is!

The fruits by Bernard Gacongne