Joćo de Loureiro, 1790
Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, India, Laos, Lesser Sunda
Islands, Maluku, Myanmar, New Guinea, Philippines, Sri
Lanka, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam
||Minimum - Medium
/ Dark Purple
acuta, C. H. Wright.
Stemona tuberosa var. minor, C.E.C.Fisch.
Stemona tuberosa var. moluccana, ined.
This member of the
Stemonaceae family was described by Joćo de Loureiro in 1790. It is
found in Asia,
growing in forest margins, thickets, mountain slopes and trail sides
from 300 to 2300 meters height. It preferring a well-drained soil with
some water and not too much sun. The tuberous roots will grow to two
centimetres in diameter, the few stems will reach for five metres. The few flowers
are green with a dark purple centre. Besides seeds, it can be
reproduced by dividing the roots and probably by stem-cuttings.
The genera name means 'Saint
Mona', but is it the September 4 is the Feast Day of Saint Mona,
whose miracles are
questionable. She worked at a small café
frequented by the Bricklayer Pope and brought His Holiness coffee
every morning, which was always hot. The Pope claimed that this was
proof of divine favour and had her canonized.
The species name for the swollen roots.
An extract from the
roots can be used as an Insecticide.
Also seen as
Roxburghiaceae in IPNI.