|Author: ||Henri Ernest Baillon, 1872
Eswatini, Ethiopia, Kenya, Mozambique, Somalia, South
Africa, Tanzania, Zimbabwe
Pyrenacantha vitifolia, Engl. 1895.
menyhartii, Schinz, 1905.
Cavanilla kamassana, Kuntze.
Pyrenacantha cordata, Thode
Pyrenacantha kamassana, Baill.
This member of the Icacinaceae family was first described by Henri
Ernest Baillon in
1872. It is found in Eswatini, Ethiopia, Kenya, Mozambique, Somalia,
South Africa, Tanzania and Zimbabwe, growing in well-drained soil with some
water and some sun. It will grow tubers up to five kilos, 30 centimetres
in diameter, favoured by
the naked mole rats, and the vines can grow from three to ten meter or more. It can be reproduced both
by seeds, cuttings and stolones.
The genera name
from Greek pyren; 'a stone fruit' and Greek akanthos; 'thorn'
for the peglike protuberances from the inner surface of the
fruit penetrating the cotyledons. The species name after Cabora Bassa in Mozambique.
The male flower by Bart
Adult leaves on the one
Photo of the fruits by Rainer Martin, Mbuyu.