Chamisso & Schlechtendal,1832
Bolivia, Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay
Brown / Greenish Yellow
White-Veined Dutchman's Pipe
Howardia fimbriata, Johann Friedrich Klotzsch, 1859.
Aristolochia bonplandii, Ten.
Aristolochia ciliata, Hook.
Aristolochia ciliosa, Benth.
Aristolochia insignis, Verschaff.
This member of the Aristolochiaceae family was given this name by
Ludolf Karl Adelbert von Chamisso and Diederich Franz Leonhard von
Schlechtendal in 1832. It is found
in Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil,
Uruguay and Paraguay, growing in a well drained
but rather rich soil with
some to lots of water and some sun. The swollen roots can grow to
centimetres in diameter, the non-climbing vines up to two metres in
flowers are greenish yellow and brown..
From Cambridge BG: "Aristolochias
exhibit fascinating pollination mechanisms: The stench attracts
insects into the inflated perianth tube which is lined with downward
pointing hairs that form an impenetrable forest. The insect is
prevented from escaping until the whole flower has collapsed. The
insect then emerges covered in pollen to get duped once again and
trapped in another flower and effect pollination".
The genera name originated from
Latin Aristatus; 'awnes' for the awn-like leaf tips, OR, more
likely: 'best birth'; as AristoTheophrastus
describes it use at childbirth. The species name means 'fringed',
like the flowers.