| GENERAL INFO (Jump to Diary)|
The Republic of Turkey is an unitary parliamentary constitutional republic, covering 783.356 square kilometres, mainly in Asia. It is the home of 79.814.871 citizens, of which 96,5% are Muslims, 3,2% have no religion and 0,9% are Christians.
The currency is Turkish Lira, worth 1,87 Danish Krone and €0,25. The GDP is US$861 billion.
Due to the altitudes and two coast lines, the climate diverse from cold semi-arid, warm Mediterranean, humid subtropical, temperate continental and even a bit of alpine.
The biodiversity is huge, due to the diverse climate and the location in both Europe and Asia. Among the more interesting larger mammals are the European jackal (Canis aureus moreotica), Wildcat (Felis silvestris), Jungle cat (Felis chau), Eurasian lynx (Lynx lynx), Golden jackal (Canis aureus), Brown bear (Ursus arctos), Eurasian badger (Meles meles), European otter (Lutra lutra), quite some deer, Chamois (Rupicapra rupicapra), Asiatic cheetah Acinonyx jubatus venaticus, Caucasian wildcat Felis silvestris caucasica, Caucasian lynx Lynx lynx dinniki, Asiatic lion Panthera leo persica, Persian leopard Panthera pardus ciscaucasica, Caspian tiger Panthera tigris virgata, Striped hyena Hyaena hyaena, Steppe wolf Canis lupus campestris, Eurasian wolf Canis lupus lupus, Syrian brown bear Ursus arctos syriacus, Moose Alces alces, Goitered gazelle Gazella subgutturosa, Wild goat Capra aegagrus, West Caucasian Tur Capra caucasica, East Caucasian Tur Capra cylindricornis, Argali Ovis ammon, Chamois Rupicapra rupicapra, Indian porcupine (Hystrix indica) and Caracal (Caracal caracal).
The flora is even more extensive with 9.300 species of vascular plants, of which 30% are estimated to be endemic. However, I will not be looking for any particular.