| GENERAL INFO (Jump to Diary)|
Although this tour is only about South India, also known as Peninsular India, this information regards the entire country. India, officially the Republic of India. While the southern part borders the northern part, the Arabian Sea on the southwest, and the Bay of Bengal on the southeast, the north orders Pakistan to the west, China, Nepal, and Bhutan to the north and Bangladesh and Myanmar to the east. It covers 3.287.263 km2. South India is the area including the five southern Indian states of Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala, Tamil Nadu and Telangana, as well as the three union territories of Andaman and Nicobar islands, Lakshadweep and Puducherry, occupying 19% of India's area: 635.780 km2. The population was 253.051.953 in 2011.
The population of entire India was 1.324.171.354 in 2016, of which 79.8% are Hindi, 14.2% Islam, 2.3% Christianity, 1.7% Sikhism, 0.7% Buddhism and 0.4% Jainism.
While modern man have lived her for at least 55.000 years, the history is endless. While several European countries had colonies within modern day India, it gained its independence in 1947.
is a megadiverse country, a term employed for countries, there are 17, that
display high biological diversity and contain many species exclusively
indigenous, or endemic, to them. India is a habitat for 8.6% of all mammal
species, 13.7% of bird species, 7.9% of reptile species, 6% of amphibian
species, 12.2% of fish species, and 6.0% of all flowering plant species.
Fully a third of Indian plant species are endemic. India also contains four
of the world's 34 biodiversity hotspots, or regions that display significant
habitat loss in the presence of high endemism.