| GENERAL INFO (Jump to Diary)|
Honduras, officially the Republic of Honduras / República de Honduras is bordered to the west by Guatemala, to the southwest by El Salvador, to the southeast by Nicaragua, to the south by the Pacific Ocean at the Gulf of Fonseca, and to the north by the Gulf of Honduras, a large inlet of the Caribbean Sea. Honduras spans about 112,492 km2, and has a population exceeding 9 million, divided between 90% Mestizo, 7% American Indian, 2% Black and 1% White. 51.4% are Catholics, 36.2% Evangelical Protestant, 1.3% from other religions, including Muslims, Buddhists, Jews, Rastafarians, etc. and 11.1% do not belong to any religion.
Honduras was home to several important Mesoamerican cultures, most notably the Maya, before the Spanish Colonization in the sixteenth century. The Spanish introduced Roman Catholicism and the now predominant Spanish language, along with numerous customs that have blended with the indigenous culture. Honduras became independent in 1821 and has since been a republic.
The climate varies from tropical in the lowlands to temperate in the mountains. The central and southern regions are relatively hotter and less humid than the northern coast. Honduras hosts more than 6.000 species of vascular plants, of which 630 or more are orchids; around 250 reptiles and amphibians, more than 700 bird species, and 200 mammalian species, of which 98 are bats.