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Members of the five Moss Classes  

 MOSSES of Denmark

5 Classes of Mosses

 

This is a small page about the five mosses that make "My Kingdom" perfect,
according to the:
TAXONOMY PLANT COLLECTION.

Bryopsida: The True Mosses are fare the largest group with 11.500-13.000 members, divided into 72 families. 390 of these can be found in Denmark, called "Bladmosser". The group is distinguished by having spore capsules with teeth that are arthrodontous; the teeth are separate from each other and jointed at the base where they attach to the opening of the capsule. The construction have quite some resembles to a classic "flower" in appearance. Beside from that, their appearance are quite diverse.

Hepatopsida / Hepaticopsida: The Liverworts consist of 46 families with around 7.000-8.500 members of which 150 can be found in Denmark, called "Levermosser". Liverwort leaves are arranged in one plane, the capsules and seta are brown, and opens as an umbrella.

Anthocerotopsida: The Hornworts is a smaller group with only three families and 300 members of which only two can be found in Denmark: "Ru Hornkapsl"; Anthoceros punctatus ssp agrestis and "Glat Hornkapsl"; Phaeoceros leavis spp carolinianus. The characteristic is that the sporophyte continues to grow throughout its life, forming the "horn".

Sphagnopsida: The Peat Moss class contains of only one family with around 200 species. 40 can be found in Denmark, known as "TÝrvemosser" or "Spagnummosser". It has a peculiar structure where its branches produced in fascicles or two or more diverging branches and two or more pendant (hanging) branches. Their spores sits close around the top of the plant.

Andreaeopsida: The Granite or Lantern Mosses are divided into two families; Andreaeaceae and Andreaeobryaceae which only hold around 60-100 species, 40 found in Denmark, known as "Sortmos". Their distinctive features are; the protonemata (the earliest stage in growth of a moss from the spore) have a different structure from other mosses; they are thallose, forming a multicellular flattened layer of embryonic cells. Further more, the lantern mosses also release their spores differently. Where the Bryopsida have a stalked capsule whose top falls off to release the spores, the capsules of lantern mosses have no stalk, no cap, and no teeth. Instead, the capsule is elevated on an extension of the plant to which it is attached.

 
Two ways to grow them; rather sterile on Oasis with an angle or in peat among the rest of the "wet part" of the Taxonomic Collection.
 

While living in South Africa, I had some other mosses. Even more South African mosses. And some Danish mosses.

These are the five mosses in my collection. They have been chosen both for their characteristics and their ability to survive in my window sill. 

"Andreaeopsida" is actually a Bryopsida in the family Grimmiaceae                                       Anthocerotopsida

Bryopsida                                                                                          Hepatopsida

Sphagnopsida

Kingdom SubKingdom SuperDivision Division SubDivision Class SubClass Order Family Genus Species
PLANTAE

Bryophyta

Bryophytes

Bryophyta

Anthocerotae

Anthocerotopsida

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Anthocerotales

An./Dendrocerota./Notothyladac.

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Musci

Andreaeopsida

Andreaeidae

And./Andreaeobry

Andreaea/Andreaeobrya 

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Bryopsida

Bryidae

 15

 72

 

|   MOSSES 

 

   

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Sphagnopsida

Sphagnidae

Sphagnales

Sphagnaceae 

 

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Hepaticae

Hepatopsida

Jungermanniae/ Marchantiae

5

46 

 

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