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Capsicum chinense

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The plants on this page is the cultivar "Red Habanero"
/ "Red Savina" pepper with a strength above 500.000 SHO.

Author: Nicolaus Joseph von Jacquin 1776
Family: 

Solanaceae

Habitat:

Bolivia, Brazil, Peru

Soil:  

Peat

Water:  

Medium

Sun:  

Maximum

Thickness: 

2,5 Centimetres

Height: 

75 Centimetres

Flower:   White
Propagate:   Seeds
Names:  

Yellow Lantern Chili, Chinese capsicum, Habanero

Synonyms: 

Capsicum annuum var. annuum Carl Linnaeus 1753. Capsicum sinense Murr. 1784

This member of the Solanaceae family  was described by Nicolaus Joseph von Jacquin in 1776. It was found in Bolivia, Peru and Uruguay and has now been spread to the southern part of North America. It grows in a rich soil with some water and lots of sun. The stems will reach for two and a half centimetres, while it plant reaches 75 centimetres. The flowers are white, the fruits mature from green over orange to red. It can only be reproduced by seeds.
Despite the name, it actually originates from the New World. The author; Jacquin just thought it came from China.

In cultivation, many new, famous cultivars have been developed, increasing the strength. To name a few:
Adjuma (Suriname)
Ají limo or Naucho (Peru)
Ají dulce (Venezuela)
Datil (Florida)
Fatalii (South central Africa)
Habanero chile (Caribbean, Central America and Mexico)
Habanero cultivar Red Savina pepper
Hainan Yellow Lantern Chili (Hainan Island, South China)
Madame Jeanette (Suriname)
Naga Jolokia pepper (Assam)
Naga Jolokia cultivar Dorset Naga pepper
Scotch bonnet (Jamaica)
Arriba Saia (Brazil)
Umbigo de Tainha (Brazil)
Wiri Wiri (Suriname)

It reaches 300.000 - 577.000 or even 1,086,844 on the Scoville scale. At present time, the cultivate The Gibralta / Spanish Naga are the second strongest chili, only defeated from the top by Naga Viper; an cross of Capsicum frutescens and C. chinense.

Much  more about the Scoville scale page.