Franz von Paula von Schrank,
Altay, Austria, Azores, Baleares, Baltic States, Belarus,
Belgium, Bulgaria, Buryatiya, Canary Islands, Corse,
Czechoslovakia, Denmark, Finland, France, Føroyar, Germany,
Great Britain, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy,
Lebanon-Syria, Madeira, Morocco, Netherlands, Norway,
Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Sicilia, Spain, Sweden,
Switzerland, Transcaucasus, Turkey, Ukraine, West Siberia,
Chondrilla taraxacum, Stokes.
Crepis taraxacum, Stokes.
Leontodon taraxacum, L.
Leontodon taraxacum var. vulgare, Benth.
Leontodon vulgaris, Lam.
Taraxacum dens-leonis, Desf.
Taraxacum officinale, F.H.Wigg.
Taraxacum officinale subsp. vulgare, Schinz &
Taraxacum palustre var. vulgare, Fernald
Taraxacum taraxacum, H.Karst.
Taraxacum vulgare, Schrank.
The member of the
Asteraceae family was given this name by Franz von Paula von Schrank in 1786. It is (now)
found all around the world in the temperate areas. It can grow in
almost everything with some to lots of water and little to plenty of
sum. The deep tap-root will get up to 3,5 centimetres in diameter,
the leafs up to 30 centimetres or even up to one meter, when keep in
the shadows. When kept in a grassing area or a lawn, the flowers stays
down in one centimetre. In the shadows, they can get two meters
high! It can (very easy!) be reproduced by the air-bourn seeds but
also by root-cuttings.
The genera name
derives possibly from the Arabic Tharakhchakon, or from the
Greek Tarraxos. The species name means 'common'.
Some may argue it
is not a caudiciform, but I'm sure it would be in many
collections, if it was rare or extinct in the wild. In general, I
have avoided rare plants in my collection, if I could get
common caudiciform members of the same family.