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Ophrys lutea

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Photo by  A.-H. Paradis, Inpn.mnhn.fr.

Author: Antonio JosÚ Cavanilles, 1793
Family:  ORCHIDACEAE
Origin:  Albania, Algeria, Baleares, Corse, Cyprus, East Aegean Islands, France, Greece, Italy, Kriti, Lebanon-Syria, Libya, Morocco, Palestine, Portugal, Sardegna, Sicilia, Spain, Tunisia, Turkey, Yugoslavia
Soil:  Mix - Rich
Water:  Medium - Maximum
Sun:  Medium - Maximum
Thickness:  2 Centimetres
Height:  30 Centimetres
Flower:  Yellow / Blue-Gray / Maroon
Propagate:  Seeds/Bulbs
Names:  Yellow Bee Orchid
Synonyms:  Arachnites luteus, Tod.
Ophrys lutea subsp. aspea, Faurh.
Ophrys lutea
subsp. galilaea, Soˇ.
Ophrys lutea
subsp. laurensis, Kreutz.
Ophrys lutea
subsp. melena, Renz.
Ophrys lutea
nothosubsp. phryganae, Melki.

This member of the Orchidaceae family was given this name by Antonio JosÚ Cavanilles in 1793. It is found in southern Europe and northern Africa, growing in grassland in a well drained soil with some to lots of  water and some to lots of sun. The bulbs can grow to two centimetres, the plant up to 30 centimetres in height. The flowers are yellow, blue-grey and maroon. The pollen is deposit on the abdomen of the bees.

The genera name means 'brow', perhaps as to larger sepals than petals. The species name means 'yellow'.

I am not sure the caudex will appreciate to be exposed.