L. R. Caddick
& Paul Wilkin, 2002
Algeria, Austria, Azores, Baleares, Belgium, Bulgaria,
Canary Islands, Corse, Cyprus, East Aegean Island, France,
Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Hungary, Iran, Iraq, Italy,
Kriti, Krym, Lebanon-Syria, Libya, Madeira, Morocco, North
Caucasus, Palestine, Portugal, Romania, Sardegna, Sicilia,
Spain, Switzerland, Transcaucasus, Tunisia, Turkey,
Bryony, Black Bindweed, Blackeye Root, Lady's-seal,
Jumfrurod, Spekwortel, Herbe-aux-femmes-Battues, Tamier,
Echte Schmerwurz, Schmerwurz
communis, L. 1753
Dioscorea canariensis, Webb & Berthel.
Tamus baccifera, St.-Lag.
Tamus canariensis, Willd. ex Kunth
Tamus cirrhosa, Hausskn. ex Bornm.
Tamus communis f. subtriloba, O.BolÚs & Vigo
Tamus cordifolia, Stokes.
Tamus cretica L.
Tamus edulis, Lowe.
Tamus norsa, Lowe.
Tamus parviflora, Kunth.
Tamus racemosa, Gouan.
Smilax rubra, Willd.
This member of the Dioscoreaceae
family was described by Carl von Linnaeus as Tamus, and later by
Lizabeth R. Caddick and Paul Wilkin in 2002, as Dioscorea. It is found in
most of Europe and in northern Africa. It is growing in a well drained rich
soil with some water and
some sun. The caudex will grow to 20 centimetres in diameter and 50
centimetres long. The wines can
reach for three or even six meters. The flowers are small and white, and besides
form seeds, the plant can be reproduced by root cuttings.
This is a Dioecious
plant; you need both a male and a female plant to obtain the red
Dioscorea is named after
Pedianos Dioscorides, a Greek physician if the 1st century A.D. The
species name means 'common, or growing in society'.